2004 Sumatra Tsunami

The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by the subduction of the Indian plate under the Burma plate. The earthquake that measured a 9.0 on the Richter scale created tsunami waves that were up to 50 feet high, affecting many Southeastern countries including India, Indonesia, the Maldives, Malaysia, Myanmar, Seychelles, Somalia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. This tsunami perfectly demonstrates the effects of tsunamis on humans because the individuals living in these nations were completely unprepared and consequently extremely vulnerable to the disasters to come. The death toll (250,000 lives taken) was an indicator of this vulnerability and the physical outcomes of this tsunami. In addition to taking lives in these countries, the tsunami made devastating economic and environmental impacts on these countries, further affecting the lives of these citizens. 1

  1. “The Deadliest Tsunami in History?” National Geographic, January 7, 2005. Accessed December 15, 2014. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1227_041226_tsunami.html.

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